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About Us
History
Demographics
Location, Extent & Communication
Administrative Divisions
Soil Characterstics
Climate
Rainfall


History Skip to main content

Steeped in antiquity, Tarn Taran dates back to the times of the fifth sikh Guru Shri Guru Arjan Dev ji (1563-1606). He laid the foundation of this city in 1596 and the milestone was laid for the welfare of people with the establishment of Shri Tarn Taran Sahib Temple. Tarn Taran Sahib was part of the Bhangi Misl ruled by a powerful Sikh family of Dhillon clan from (1716-1810). In 1947, the year of the Partition of India and the Partition of Punjab, Tarn Taran was the only tehsil (district) in Punjab along with Shiekhupura, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Hoshiapur, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Lyallpur, Patiala with a majority Sikh population. The city was a center of the Sikh insurgency during the 1980s and early 1990s .

Guru Sahib created this city for the welfare of people. He was the first to initiate the noble cause of curing the leprosy patients. It was later strengthened by the setup of leprosy Home by Church Missionary society in 1885.

Tarn Taran is the pivot of Sikh culture and has many historical Gurdwaras. With so many Gurudwaras of historic importance, this makes the Majha belt a historic sikh centre of gathering and interest. The city has many historical Gurudwaras which include Darbar Sahib Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Gurdwara Guru Ka Khuh (Gurdwara of the Guru's Well), Gurdwara Bibi Bhani Da Khuh, Gurdwara Takkar Sahib, Gurdwara Lakeer Sahib, Gurudwara Baba Garja Singh Baba Bota Singh, Gurdwara Jhulne Mahal, and Thatti Khara.


Demographics Skip to main content

As of 2001 Indian census, Tarn Taran Sahib had a population of 130,587. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tarn Taran has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 60%, and female literacy is 40%. In Tarn Taran Sahib, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age and 15% is elderly. 3% of its residents have settled abroad. Sikhs form 89.1% of the total population of the district with Hindus being 9.8% and Christians 1.1% of the total population. It should be noted that Tarn Taran district has the highest Sikh percentage among all the districts of Punjab followed by Moga at 87%. As of 2001 Indian census, Tarn Taran Sahib had a population of 130,587. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tarn Taran has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 60%, and female literacy is 40%. In Tarn Taran Sahib, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age and 15% is elderly. 3% of its residents have settled abroad. Sikhs form 89.1% of the total population of the district with Hindus being 9.8% and Christians 1.1% of the total population. It should be noted that Tarn Taran district has the highest Sikh percentage among all the districts of Punjab followed by Moga at 87%.


Location, Extent & Communication Skip to main content

Tarn Taran district lies between 31 0 05’, and 31 0 30’ 05 north latitude 74 0 30’ and 75 0 15’ 05“ east longitudes. The area falls in Survey Of India topo sheet Nos 44-I & 44-M. It has a geographical area of 2449 sq. km. It is bounded by Amritsar district in the north ,Kaputhala district in the east, Pakistant in the west , and Firozpure district in the south. The district head quarters is located atTarn Taran. The total population of the district is 939057 ( census-2001)The district has 88.02% rural population with a decadle growth of 23.60 %. The area is well connected by roads and railways. National highways 1, 1a,and 15 pass through the area and connect the important towns falling in the tract. Major towns are connected with broad gauge line of Northern Railways run through Khem Karan- Patti- Tarn Taran to Amritsar.



Soil Characterstics Skip to main content

Saline and alkaline soils occur in the district. Soils with salt content exceeding 0.2% are considered to be high salt soils and this concentration is injurious for plant growth. Soils whose pH values exceeds 9.0 have been classified as high alkali soils.The alkalinity render the soil impervious. The alkali soils present in the area has low fertility as compared to normal soils.The Soils of the district are categorized as tropical arid brown (weakly SOLONIZED),and arid brown soil (SOLONIZED).These soils are deficient in NPK.


Climate Skip to main content

The climate of the district can be classified as tropical steppe,semi-aridand hot Which is mainly characterized by general dryness except for a short period during southwest monsoon season, intensely hot summers and cold winters . There are four seasons in a year namely the cold season from November to March, hot season from April to June, south west monsoon season from the last week of June to the middle of September and the post monsoon season from September till the beginning of November. During cold season, a series of western disturbances affect the climate of the district. During the summer months i.e.from April to June, weather is very hot, dry and uncomfortable. The weather becomes humid and cloudy during July to September due to penetration of moist air of oceanic origin into the atmosphere.


Rainfall Skip to main content

The normal annual rainfall of the district is 545 mm, which is unevenly distributed over the area in 30days. The south west monsoon which contributes 74%, sets in last week of June and withdrawn in middle of September. July and August are the rainest months. Rest 26% of annual rainfall occurs in the non-monsoon months in the wake of western disturbances and thunder storms.
Normal Annual Rainfall : 545 mm
Normal monsoon Rainfall : 405 mm
Temperature Mean Maximum : 40.5°C(May & June)
Mean Minimum : 4.5 °C(January)
Normal Rainy days : 30


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